Accidental gentrification: the curious case of Dublin

Ronan Lyons, Economist

4th Jul 2016

Ronan Lyons, Daft's in-house economist, commenting on the latest Daft research on the Irish property market.

This latest House Price Report shows some signs of health in the market, amid a broader problem of a chronic lack of supply. The first sign of slightly better health is that the total number of properties actively on the market at any one time has risen, compared to three months previously (June compared to March). This is only the second time in five years that this was the case - the first was the same quarter last year, so it remains to be seen whether this is merely seasonal or the start of a bigger trend.

The second measure of slightly improved conditions in the housing market comes from a comparison of the asking and sale prices. Each property registered as sold on the Property Price Register is, where possible, matched up with a listing in the archives. This allows the inclusion of variables such as property type and size and also enables the calculation of the Transaction Price Index in the report. The trends in this index confirm the more precisely estimated trends in list prices in the 54 markets around the country: largely stable prices in Dublin but still increasing steadily elsewhere, albeit not as fast.

Most and least expensive areas

But this matching exercise also allows a comparison of the initial listed price and the ultimate transaction price. Where list prices are well above the ultimate transaction prices, this clearly points to a falling market - and this was indeed the case from 2010 on to 2013 in Dublin and into 2014 or 2015 elsewhere. During 2014, however, transaction prices in Dublin were typically more than 5% above the initial listed price, highlighting the opposite problem: a market where buyers have too little choice and push up prices.

Currently, though, across the country as a whole, there is only a 1.5% gap between the ultimate transaction price and the property's initial list price. Coupled with a similar picture last quarter, this represents the closest to healthy the market has been since the start of the decade.

The third indicator of greater health is another quarter where Dublin prices show very muted house price growth. In a healthy housing market, house prices will increase at roughly the same rate as general inflation. In Ireland over the past decade, general inflation has effectively been close to zero, but house prices fell first by 55% before rising by more than 40% in Dublin. Thus, policymakers and others will welcome the fourth consecutive quarter where the annual change in Dublin prices is less than 3%. Indeed, the rate of inflation in Dublin house price now is just 1.1%, the lowest since prices started to rise nearly four years ago.

Speed of sales continues to improve

It is no coincidence that the rate of house price inflation in Dublin fell from 25% to just 1% the time the Central Bank brought in its macroprudential measures, including minimum deposit requirements and loan-to-income restrictions. However, while the primary effect of these rules has been to anchor house prices to real incomes - and this is very much a move in the right direction - there have been secondary effects also.

Perhaps the main secondary effect has been to reshuffle demand from high-cost locations - typically with sought-after amenities such as being near good secondary schools or the coastline - to lower-cost locations that still meet the basic criteria of access to work. While much of this effect has been to push buyers out of Dublin into its commuter counties, there have been important effects within Dublin also.

Annual changes in prices, by Dublin postcode

The figure above shows the annual change in average house prices by Dublin postcode. The 25 districts within Dublin are ranked from left to right by how expensive a home is. What is clear is the different trend emerging between the cheapest and dearest areas. The strongest price growth is being seen currently in previously unfashionable postcodes - the market's judgement not mine! - such as Dublin 10 (Ballyfermot), Dublin 12 (Crumlin and Walkinstown), Dublin 17 (Balgriffin) and Dublin 24 (Firhouse and Tallaght). At the other end of the spectrum, five of the most expensive areas of the city are seeing prices fall: Dublin 2, Dublin 6, Dublin 16, Dublin 18 and South County Dublin.

The link between incomes and house prices has forced people to reconsider some of their implicit assumptions about where to look when buying a home - leading to what might be termed 'accidental gentrification'. This will undoubtedly have some positive effects, not least if affluent Dubliners become more familiar with the city they live in and some of their purchasing power refreshes some Dublin suburbs.

But there are clear risks also. Primary among them is that lower-income households become priced out of the entire city within the M50. When it comes to housing, the Central Bank's only real responsibility is the financial stability of the system as a whole. It has no remit to increase supply. But without the rest of the policy system responding - through for example relaxing land use restrictions and lowering construction costs - the Central Bank rules could combine with prohibitive site and construction costs to make Dublin into an enclave for the rich.

Average asking prices and annual percentage increases

Discuss This Article

  • Re: The Daft House Price Report Q2 2016

    Posted By: Anonymous Poster Date: Monday July 4, 2016 @01:17PM

    Do the figures include the properties sold by NAMA to the Hedge funds?
    Or are the volumes for sale just related to the houses/apartments that were for sale to the public?

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  • Re: The Daft House Price Report Q2 2016

    Posted By: Lucky Landlord Date: Monday July 4, 2016 @03:02PM

    This will be the century of the landlord. Thanks to the good people in government, home owning will be for the rental specialist companies, and the successful and well to do people in society who deserve it as they work hard and their job creation needs to be rewarded. Landlords will be there to provide a service to those who cannot afford to home themselves.

    The EU needs Ireland now after Brexit, so I am looking forward to deposit eating rent hikes, rent allowance of my tenants to increase nicely and the average 3 bed semi in Cork to reach 500k. It is also time to encourage developers to build estates again in Ireland's midlands and west. Perhaps if the government paid more grants to developers or gave each developer a free car with every building plan that gets the green light?

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  • Re: The Daft House Price Report Q2 2016

    Posted By: Adelina Date: Monday July 4, 2016 @05:16PM

    Well people see no signs of health, I am currently trying to buy a property and I find it impossible; people are betting for houses and in my case I was not able to buy as the property went up with up with 51 000€ above the advertised price. This is the worst case I had, but most properties are sold with more than 20-25k above the asking price. That's really insane!

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  • Re: The Daft House Price Report Q2 2016

    Posted By: Anonymous Poster Date: Tuesday July 5, 2016 @09:31PM

    I am currently interested in buying a house. Have you any advice as to whether it's a good time? Living in Dublin 16, own an apartment and need to upgrade.

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  • Re: The Daft House Price Report Q2 2016

    Posted By: Bela Date: Thursday July 7, 2016 @09:42PM


    I am working on buy a house too. I am not that sure there are so many bids and real bidders. :)
    Obviously, the agent always says, "there is a higher bid". But the big truth is none of those houses have been sold where I gave an offer.

    I have been looking for house since last October. Put 11 offers, none of them were accepted.
    None of those 11 houses have been sown up on, ergo they are not sold.

    So a good advice, do not believe everything and be a little pessimistic.

    Also Brexit can affect badly on mortgages also, as Banks’ have lot of investment on UK market.

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  • Re: The Daft House Price Report Q2 2016

    Posted By: Anonymous Poster Date: Thursday July 7, 2016 @10:49PM

    You're a funny man 'Lucky Landlord' ...

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  • Re: The Daft House Price Report Q2 2016

    Posted By: Siddiqi Date: Monday July 11, 2016 @11:20AM

    Absolutely not a chance to get anything within reasonable price range unless go to areas like convoy co.Donegal with no job or work possible there.

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  • Re: The Daft House Price Report Q2 2016

    Posted By: Anonymous Poster Date: Monday July 11, 2016 @09:43PM

    If people had any sense they would live in cheapo Longford and travel to work in Dublin each day. 75 minutes by car and apron 90 minutes by slow train.

    Speeding up the slow trains and have direct trains from Longford to Dublin is a no brainer but then no one has any brains to cop on.

    Abandon the 15 minute stopover in Mullingar would be a good start, just go straight through with the red eye train.

    Bring Longford within a reasonable travelling distance and all of a sudden there are a load of low cost houses available and low costs for development.

    Just a thought!

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  • Re: The Daft House Price Report Q2 2016

    Posted By: Clever Landlord Date: Tuesday July 12, 2016 @12:05PM

    To that last poster, your response is logical, practical and would benefit the people of now you know why it isn't developed as an idea. Would also be a great opportunity for entrepreneurs like myself, to help those unfortunate enough to not be able to afford to buy a house.

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  • @ Clever Landlord

    Posted By: Claver Homeowner Date: Friday August 5, 2016 @04:12PM

    What did you mean with "to help those unfortunate enough to not be able to afford to buy a house". did not get the bombast, sorry

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  • Re: The Daft House Price Report Q2 2016

    Posted By: Concerned Observer Date: Monday August 8, 2016 @10:39AM

    Reading all the posts , I am concerned at the lack of concern from Goverment at the role of a spatial strategy intergrated with a good public transport system to serve the country future economic developement. No joined up thinking and a policy of blame the landlord as a group for the problems. They only own the properties, they do not set social policy or Public spending on housing.

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